GREENHOUSE GASES

January 25, 2011 at 3:30 am | Posted in Development, Earth, Ecology, Economics, Financial, Globalization, History, Research, Science & Technology | Leave a comment

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DRAMATIC GREENHOUSE GAS CUTS ARE BOTH ACHIEVABLE AND

AFFORDABLE – UN

New York, Jan 24 2011

UNNews UNNews@un.org

DRAMATIC GREENHOUSE GAS CUTS ARE BOTH ACHIEVABLE AND AFFORDABLE

– UN

Mon, 24 Jan 2011

Dramatic cuts in industrial emissions of the global warming greenhouse gases that threaten to drastically change Earth’s climate are achievable in both developed and developing countries at acceptable cost with the right policies, the United Nations “http://www.unido.org/index.php?id=7881&tx_ttnews[tt_news]=851&cHash=54ac5a838bef4957273c67b9d9c4e941 reported today.

In a series of studies, the UN Industrial Development Organization (“http://www.unido.org/ UNIDO), an agency mandated to promote sustainable industrial development in developing countries, highlighted the need to combine energy efficiency, renewable energy and the capture and storage of greenhouse carbon dioxide (CO2 emissions to stay below the danger threshold of an average temperature rise of two degrees above pre-industrial levels by 2050.

Cost-effective renewable energy could supply 21 per cent of all industrial energy by 2050, providing ten per cent of all reductions needed to counter a potential future of devastating droughts, floods, desertification, rising oceans, ever more powerful storms, shrinking glaciers and other possible effects of climate change.

At nearly two gigatonnes of CO2, this represents 25 per cent of the total expected emission reductions of the industry sector – equivalent to the total current CO2 emissions of France, Germany, Italy and Spain, or around one third of current emissions in the United States.

Industrial energy efficiency potential worldwide amounts to 26 per cent, with that in developing countries nearly twice as high as in developed nations, according to the reports.

“Once these potentials are exhausted carbon capture and storage must come into play,” UNIDO said. “This technology is rapidly evolving not only for power plants but also for a wide range of industrial applications.”

With regard to affordability, the UN agency stressed that many of the required measures could reduce costs and enhance competitiveness and productivity. Renewable sources include solar energy and bio-fuels such as those produced from plants like ethanol, as opposed to finite fossil fuels like oil and coal.

“The competitiveness of biofuels with fossil fuels is strongly dependent on national energy policy frameworks and energy prices,” one of the reports, “http://www.unido.org/fileadmin/user_media/Services/Energy_and_Climate_Change/Energy_Efficiency/Renewables_%20Industrial_%20Applications.pdf

Renewable Energy in Industrial Applications – an assessment of the 2050 potential, stressed. “Renewables are not cost competitive where fossil fuels are subsidized. They are, however, already cost competitive in many cases and many countries with unsubsidized fossil fuels.

“This is even more so where CO2 emissions carry a financial penalty that reflects their long-term economic and environmental impact,” the report added, cautioning that the potential of increased renewable energy can only be realized “if specific policies are developed to create a business environment conducive to private sector investment.”

The UN has been closely involved in the efforts to counter climate change, most recently hosting talks in Cancún, Mexico, which resulted in pledged funds to help developing countries mitigate its effects and took steps to curb the deforestation that accounts for nearly one-fifth of global carbon emissions.

The other UNIDO reports involved in the study are: “http://www.unido.org/fileadmin/user_media/Services/Energy_and_Climate_Change/Energy_Efficiency/Benchmarking_%20Energy_%20Policy_Tool.pdf

Global Industrial Energy Efficiency Benchmarking – An Energy Policy Tool, and

http://www.unido.org/fileadmin/user_media/Services/Energy_and_Climate_Change/Energy_Efficiency/CCS_%20industry_%20synthesis_final.pdf

Carbon Capture and Storage in Industrial Applications: Technology Synthesis Report. Jan 24 2011

UN News Centre at http://www.un.org/news

DRAMATIC GREENHOUSE GAS CUTS ARE BOTH ACHIEVABLE AND AFFORDABLE – UN

New York, Jan 24 2011

UN News Centre at http://www.un.org/news

UNNews UNNews@un.org

DRAMATIC GREENHOUSE GAS CUTS ARE BOTH ACHIEVABLE AND AFFORDABLE

– UN

Mon, 24 Jan 2011

RECORD-SETTING 2010 HIGHLIGHTS GLOBAL WARMING TREND, SAYS UN

WEATHER AGENCY

UNNews UNNews@un.org

New York, Jan 20 2011

RECORD-SETTING 2010 HIGHLIGHTS GLOBAL WARMING TREND, SAYS UN

WEATHER AGENCY

Thu, 20 Jan 2011

The year 2010 ranked as the warmest on record – together with 2005 and 1998 –http://www.wmo.int/pages/mediacentre/press_releases/pr_906_en.html according to the United Nations World Meteorological Organization (WMO), which added that last year also witnessed a large number of extreme weather events, including the heat wave in Russia and the devastating floods in Pakistan.

In 2010, the global average temperature was 0.53 degrees Celsius (0.95 degrees Fahrenheit) above the mean for the period from 1961 to 1990, the reference period for the Geneva-based WMO.

In addition, Arctic sea-ice cover in December 2010 was the lowest on record, with an average monthly extent of 12 million square kilometres, 1.35 million square kilometres below the 1979-2000 average for December.

“The 2010 data confirm the Earth’s significant long-term warming trend,” said WMO Secretary-General Michel Jarraud. “The 10 warmest years on record have all occurred since 1998.”

WMO stated that 2010 was an “exceptionally warm” year over much of Africa and southern and western Asia, and in Greenland and Arctic Canada, with many parts of these regions having their hottest years on record. The month of December was exceptionally warm in eastern Canada and Greenland.

Meanwhile, it was “abnormally cold” through large parts of northern and western Europe, with monthly average temperatures as much as 10 degrees Celsius below normal at some locations in Norway and Sweden. Many places in Scandinavia had their coldest December on record.

December in Central England was the coldest since 1890, and it was colder than average in large parts of Russia and in the eastern United States.

Last year was also marked by a large number of extreme weather events, WMO noted, including the heat wave in Russia and the monsoonal floods that affected 20 million people in Pakistan.

The agency also highlighted a number of major weather events in late 2010 and early 2011, including the January floods that have affected more than 800,000 people in Sri Lanka, the flash floods that have resulted in over 700 deaths near the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro, and the severe flooding in eastern Australia which is expected to be the most costly natural disaster in that country’s history.

The information presented by WMO is compiled with input from the agency’s 189 member States, and is based on climate data from networks of land-based weather and climate stations, ships and buoys, as well as satellites. Jan 20 2011

UN News Centre at http://www.un.org/news

RECORD-SETTING 2010 HIGHLIGHTS GLOBAL WARMING TREND, SAYS UN

WEATHER AGENCY

UN News Centre at http://www.un.org/news

UNNews UNNews@un.org

New York, Jan 20 2011

RECORD-SETTING 2010 HIGHLIGHTS GLOBAL WARMING TREND, SAYS UN

WEATHER AGENCY

Thu, 20 Jan 2011

DRAMATIC GREENHOUSE GAS CUTS ARE BOTH ACHIEVABLE AND AFFORDABLE – UN

New York, Jan 24 2011

UNNews UNNews@un.org

DRAMATIC GREENHOUSE GAS CUTS ARE BOTH ACHIEVABLE AND AFFORDABLE – UN

Mon, 24 Jan 2011

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