“LEVER OF EMPIRE: THE INTERNATIONAL GOLD STANDARD AND THE CRISIS OF LIBERALISM IN PREWAR JAPAN”: MARK METZLER BOOK

November 25, 2010 at 8:05 pm | Posted in Asia, Books, Development, Economics, Financial, Globalization, History, Japan, Research, World-system | Leave a comment

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Lever of Empire

The International Gold Standard and the Crisis of

Liberalism in Prewar Japan

Mark Metzler

Twentieth Century Japan: The Emergence of a World Power

This book, the first full account of Japan’s financial history and the Japanese gold standard in the pivotal years before World War II, provides a new perspective on the global political dynamics of the era by placing Japan, rather than Europe, at the center of the story. Focusing on the fall of liberalism in Japan in late 1931 and the global politics of money that were at the center of the crisis, Mark Metzler asks why successive Japanese governments from 1920 to 1931 carried out policies that deliberately induced deflation and depression.

His search for answers stretches from Edo to London to the ragged borderlands of the Japanese empire and from the eighteenth century to the 1950s, integrating political and monetary analysis to shed light on the complex dynamics of money, empire, and global hegemony. His detailed and broad ranging account illuminates a range of issues including Japan’s involvement in the economic dynamics that shook interwar Europe, the character of U.S. isolationism, and the rise of fascism as an international phenomenon.

Product Details:

· Pub. Date: March 2006

· Publisher: University of California Press

· Format: Hardcover , 396pp

· Series: Twentieth Century Japan: The Emergence of a World Power Series

· ISBN-13: 9780520244207

· ISBN-10: 0520244206

· Edition Description: New Edition

Synopsis

Lever of Empire is an engrossing page turner—I simply could not put it down until I had finished it. This is an important subject, and one that has not been given adequate attention in Western scholarship on Japan until now. Metzler has done thorough research, and has woven these materials together into an elegantly written whole. The result is an outstanding book.”—Richard J. Smethurst, author of A Social Basis for Prewar Japanese Militarism: The Army and the Rural Community

Biography

Mark Metzler is Assistant Professor of History and Asian Studies at the University of Texas, Austin.

Lever of Empire

The International Gold Standard and the Crisis of

Liberalism in Prewar Japan

Mark Metzler

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BANK FOR INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENTS “BIS REVIEW NO. 155”: BERNANKE ON GLOBAL REBALANCING PLUS ISLAMIC FINANCE

November 25, 2010 at 3:38 pm | Posted in Economics, Financial, Globalization, History, Islam, Research, Third World | Leave a comment

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BIS Review

Bank for International Settlements

BIS Review No 155 available

Press, Service (press@bis.org)

Publications, Service (Publications@bis.org)

Thu 11/25/10

Please find BIS Review No 155 attached as an Adobe Acrobat (PDF) file. Alternatively, you can access this BIS Review on the Bank for International Settlements’ website by clicking on http://www.bis.org/review/index.htm.

What’s included?

BIS Review No 155 (25 November 2010)

Ben S Bernanke: Rebalancing the global recovery

Alan Bollard: The recovery, the aftershock and the economic future

Yves Mersch: Prospects of Islamic finance – the view of a central bank in Europe

Zeti Akhtar Aziz: Role of central banks in emerging economies

Jean Boivin: Where the economy and finance meet

Jürgen Stark: In search of a robust monetary policy framework

e-mail press@bis.org

Bank for International Settlements (BIS)

BIS Review

Bank for International Settlements

BIS Review No 155 available

http://www.bis.org/review/index.htm

Press, Service (press@bis.org)

Publications, Service (Publications@bis.org)

Thu 11/25/10

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KAISER WILHELM II CHINA-BASHING “HUN SPEECH” BREMERHAVEN GERMANY JULY 27 1900

November 25, 2010 at 12:11 am | Posted in China, Film, Germany, Globalization, Military, Research | Leave a comment

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Bremerhaven, July 27, 1900

Wilhelm II: “Hun Speech” (1900)

Wilhelm II delivered this speech in Bremerhaven on July 27, 1900.

He was addressing German troops who were departing to suppress the Boxer rebellion in China. The speech is infused by Wilhelm’s fiery and chauvinistic rhetoric and clearly expresses his vision of German imperial power.

There were two versions of the speech. The Foreign Office issued an edited version, making sure to omit one particularly incendiary paragraph that they regarded as diplomatically embarrassing. The “official” version of the speech appears here, but the troubling passage has been added at the end.

Bremerhaven, July 27, 1900

“Great overseas tasks have fallen to the new German Empire, tasks far greater than many of my countrymen expected. The German Empire has, by its very character, the obligation to assist its citizens if they are being set upon in foreign lands. The tasks that the old Roman Empire of the German nation was unable to accomplish, the new German Empire is in a position to fulfill. The means that make this possible is our army.

It has been built up during thirty years of faithful, peaceful labor, following the principles of my blessed grandfather. You, too, have received your training in accordance with these principles, and by putting them to the test before the enemy, you should see whether they have proved their worth in you. Your comrades in the navy have already passed this test; they have shown that the principles of your training are sound, and I am also proud of the praise that your comrades have earned over there from foreign leaders. It is up to you to emulate them.

A great task awaits you: you are to revenge the grievous injustice that has been done. The Chinese have overturned the law of nations; they have mocked the sacredness of the envoy, the duties of hospitality in a way unheard of in world history. It is all the more outrageous that this crime has been committed by a nation that takes pride in its ancient culture. Show the old Prussian virtue. Present yourselves as Christians in the cheerful endurance of suffering. May honor and glory follow your banners and arms. Give the whole world an example of manliness and discipline.

You know full well that you are to fight against a cunning, brave, well-armed, and cruel enemy. When you encounter him, know this: no quarter will be given. Prisoners will not be taken. Exercise your arms such that for a thousand years no Chinese will dare to look cross-eyed at a German.

Maintain discipline. May God’s blessing be with you, the prayers of an entire nation and my good wishes go with you, each and every one. Open the way to civilization once and for all! Now you may depart! Farewell, comrades!”

The unofficial but correct version of the crucial passage reads as follows:

“Should you encounter the enemy, he will be defeated! No quarter will be given! Prisoners will not be taken! Whoever falls into your hands is forfeited. Just as a thousand years ago the Huns under their King Attila made a name for themselves, one that even today makes them seem mighty in history and legend, may the name German be affirmed by you in such a way in China that no Chinese will ever again dare to look cross-eyed at a German.”

Source: Johannes Prenzler, ed., Die Reden Kaiser Wilhelms II. [The Speeches of Kaiser Wilhelm II]. 4 volumes. Leipzig, n.d., 2. pp. 209-12.

Unofficial version of speech reprinted in Manfred Görtemaker, Deutschland im 19. Jahrhundert. Entwicklungslinien [Germany in the 19th Century. Paths in Development]. Opladen 1996. Schriftenreihe der Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung, vol. 274, p. 357.

Comment:

This speech is excerpted and referred to in Hans-Juergen Syberberg’s film, “Karl May.”

Bremerhaven, July 27, 1900

Wilhelm II: “Hun Speech” (1900)

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