CLIMATE CONFERENCE CANCUN

November 21, 2010 at 11:53 pm | Posted in Earth, Ecology, Economics, Financial, Globalization, Research, World-system | Leave a comment

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UN’S CLIMATE CHANGE CHIEF:

COMPROMISE AND WILLINGNESS NEEDED AT CANCUN

CONFERENCE

UNNews UNNews@un.org

New York, Nov 15 2010

UN’S CLIMATE CHANGE CHIEF:

COMPROMISE AND WILLINGNESS NEEDED AT CANCUN

CONFERENCE

Mon, 15 Nov 2010

With just two weeks until the start in Mexico of a major global conference on climate change, the top United Nations official on the issue has emphasized the need for compromise in international efforts to reach a solution to the climate challenge.

Cancun will be a success, if parties compromise, said the Executive Secretary of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Christiana Figueres, at a http://unfccc.int/files/press/news_room/application/pdf/101115_pc_speaking_notes.pdf press briefing in Bonn, Germany, today. They have to balance their expectations so that every one can carry home a positive achievement while allowing others to do the same as that’s how multilateral agreements are made elsewhere and it is how it has to happen in climate, too.

The upcoming conference of parties to the UNFCCC known as the UN Climate Change Conference takes place in Cancun between 29 November and 10 December. The UNFCCC is an international treaty which considers what can be done to reduce global warming and to cope with whatever temperature increases are inevitable. Some countries have approved an addition to the treaty, the Kyoto Protocol, which has more powerful and legally binding measures.

Figueres acknowledged that there will still be political gaps which need bridging among countries attending the conference. These centre on how to move forward with emission reductions, deciding what to do about the Kyoto Protocol and how to anchor the many national targets and actions governments have put forward, in particular the targets of industrialized countries.

While expectations for agreements on how best to tackle climate change at the conference are realistic, Ms. Figueres noted, there’s still a lot at stake if the world is going to stay below a two degree temperature rise.

In response to a question, Ms. Figueres said that the conference needs to conclude with a balanced set of decisions, including on the issues of adaptation, forestry and technological cooperation. However, she said, in order to be a balanced package, any agreement must also address the mitigation efforts by both industrialized countries as well as those developing countries that have already put mitigation intents on the table, as well as provide some resolution about what the continuation of the Kyoto Protocol is going to be and the next steps to be taken by countries in relation to long-term financing of climate change measures.

The climate change chief said that any agreement on tackling climate change in Cancun is not going solve the whole problem. But it can set a new pace for negotiations, where governments lock in better agreements every year, never ruling out new possibilities or ignoring existing needs for the future, she said, adding that if climate change is humanity’s biggest long-term challenge, it is also its greatest opportunity.

It is the sustained and increasingly ambitious long-term response to climate change that will allow a successful adjustment to the other great political, economic and social changes which all countries face, Ms. Figueres said.
Nov 15 2010

For more details go to UN News Centre at http://www.un.org/news

UN’S CLIMATE CHANGE CHIEF:

COMPROMISE AND WILLINGNESS NEEDED AT CANCUN

CONFERENCE

UNNews UNNews@un.org

New York, Nov 15 2010

UN’S CLIMATE CHANGE CHIEF:

COMPROMISE AND WILLINGNESS NEEDED AT CANCUN

CONFERENCE

UN News Centre at http://www.un.org/news

Mon, 15 Nov 2010

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GLOBALIZATION AND THE ROOTS OF INDIAN CINEMA

November 21, 2010 at 6:34 pm | Posted in Asia, Film, Globalization, History, India, Research | Leave a comment

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Globalization and the Roots of Indian Cinema

According to Carl-Erdmann Schofeld’s article in the October 1995 Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, in 1926 India boasted some 300 movie houses as well as traveling film exhibitors catering to viewers outside of major city centers….

See “A Throw of Dice” Film Notes by Bruce Bennett, Kino

Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television

Published four times a year the Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television is the leading international journal for media history. The journal examines the history of audio-visual media and its impact on the political, social and cultural developments of the twentieth century.

The journal also provides an international forum for historians, social scientists, archivists and others with a special interest in the development of mass communications. A refereed academic periodical dedicated to publishing papers of the highest academic quality, the Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television also keeps its readers up to date with topical issues and acts as a point of focus for interdisciplinary debate.

Content
Contents include: research articles, book reviews and review essays, historical documents, reports of conferences, inter-disciplinary debates of topical issues, developments in audio-visual media in teaching all levels of history, annual listings of dissertations and archival materials, reviews of films, radio and television programmes of historical or educational importance.

www.tandf.co.uk/journals/onlinesamples.asp

www.tandf.co.uk/journals

Recent Volumes
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The journal of The International Association for Media and History

ISSN: 1465-3451 (electronic) 0143-9685 (paper)

Publication Frequency: 4 issues per year

Subjects: Film History; History; Media & Film Studies; Media History; Radio; Television;

Publisher: Routledge

Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television

Niranjan Pal (17 August 1889 – 9 November 1959)

(17 August 1889 – 9 November 1959) was a playwright, screenwriter and director in the Indian film industry in the silent and early talkie days. He was a close associate of Himanshu Rai and Franz Osten, with whom he was a founding member of Bombay Talkies.

Biography

Born on 17 August 1889 in Calcutta, West Bengal, Niranjan Pal was born in an illustrious family, his father was the noted freedom fighter, Bipin Chandra Pal, and Niranjan himself as a teenager was briefly involved in the Indian freedom struggle during an association with Vinayak Damodar Savarkar and Madanlal Dhingra in London. By the late 1910s, he started writing and eventually wrote The Light of Asia and Shiraz, both of which were performed on stage in London. Both were commercially successful and attracted the attention of German filmmaker Franz Osten, who made screen versions in India. Himanshu Rai, then a lawyer, also acted in one of Niranjan Pal’s plays Goddess also performed in London[1], though some sources suggest that it was Devika Rani who first met him, through their common Brahmo Samaj connections, which paved way for his eventual stake in the creation of Bombay Talkies.[2].

Following the successes of The Light of Asia and Shiraz 1928, Pal moved back to India with his English wife, Lily, and son Colin Pal, and embarked on a career as the screenplay writer for Bombay Talkies. He also started directing films, and made among others Needle’s Eye (1931), Pardesia (1932), and Chitthi (1941). His career as a director was however far less successful than his work as a screenwriter, in which role he wrote some of India’s earliest blockbusters Achhut Kanya (1936), Jeevan Naiya (1936) and Jawani Ki Hawa (1935). Of these Achhut Kanya was the most popular, and continues to be a landmark film as it dealt with the subject of untouchability.

He also collaborated with noted dancer, Uday Shankar to write a libretto for first Indian ballets, performed by Anna Pavlova and Uday Shankar himself [3].

Family

Niranjan Pal’s family is in the film industry, his son Colin Pal was a prominent journalist, and film historian, who wrote books, ‘Shooting Stars’ and autobiography “Aye Jibon: Such is life” won a National Award from the Indian Government in 2001. Colin died, on 28 August 2005, after a prolonged illness, in Mumbai, at the age of 83 [4]

Niranjan’s grandson Deep Pal is a cinematographer.

Bibliography

· “The Goddess;” a Play of Modern India, 1922.

References

1. Himanshu Rai Biography http://www.upperstall.com.

2. pib.nic.in/prs/iffi2007/birth.pdf Birth Centenaries – Devika Rani Biography

3. Arts of Transitional India Twentieth Century, by Vinayak Purohit. Popular Prakashan, 1988 ISBN 0861321383., Page 1023.

4. Colin Pal Obituary Screen, 2 September 2005.

· Cinema Vision India, Published by s.n., 1980, Page 58.

Himanshu Rai (1892–1940)

Himanshu Roy (1892–1940), one of the pioneers of Indian cinema, is best known as the founder of the Bombay Talkies in 1934. He was associated with a number of movies, including Goddess (1922), The Light of Asia (1925), Siraj (1926), A Throw of Dice (1928), and Karma (1933). He was married to actress Devika Rani.

Bombay Talkies

He was partners in Bombay Talkies with Sashadhar Mukherjee, and Mukherjee’s brother in law worked as a technician in the studio. When due to suspected romantic liaisons of his wife and the leading man in one film, Himanshu had to sack the leading man and look for a replacement, he cast the gawky, awkward looking and relcutant brother-in-law as the leading man. The brother-in-law was Ashok Kumar and he went on to have a very successful career in films.

After his death, there was a tussle for studio control, His widow Devika Rani was in conflict with Sashadhar Mukherjee. Eventually there was dual control and alternate production of films by the two camps, during this era Sashadhar produced the studio’s biggest hit to date Kismet in 1943. Then Sashadhar broke away to form Filmistan in partnership, and Devika Rani did not have as much success with the studio while being fully in charge.

In 1945 Devika Rani married Svetoslav Roerich and moved away from Bombay and films, Ashok Kumar and Sashadhar made a bid to revive Bombay talkies and produced one big hit in Mahal. But eventually the studio shut down and is now just a decrepit property in Malad.

Filmography

Producer

· Kangan (1939) / The Bangle (English title)

· Izzat (1937)

· Jeevan Prabhat (1937)

· Savitri (1937)

· Achhut Kanya (1936) / Untouchable Girl (English title)

· Janmabhoomi (1936)

· Jeevan Naya (1936)

· Jawani Ki Hawa (1935) / Leichtsinn der Jugend (Germany title)

· Karma (1933)

· Prapancha Pash (1929) / A Throw of Dice (English title) / Schicksalswürfel (Germany title)

· Shiraz (1928) / Grabmal einer großen Liebe (Germany title)

Actor

· Karma (1933)

· Prapancha Pash (1929) / A Throw of Dice (English title) / Schicksalswürfel (Germany title)

· Shiraz (1928) / Grabmal einer großen Liebe (Germany title)

· Prem Sanyas (1925) / Leuchte Asiens (Germany title)

Writer

· Achhut Kanya (1936) / Untouchable Girl (English title)

Director

· Prem Sanyas (1925) / Leuchte Asiens (Germany title)

“Rai studied with Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore at the famed Patha Bhavana (an institution where both Indira Gandhi and Satyajit Ray also received their secondary educations).”

During his London years he associated himself with Indian nationalist playwright Niranjan Pal.

See “A Throw of Dice” Film Notes by Bruce Bennett, Kino

Globalization and the Roots of Indian Cinema

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CLIMATE CHANGE: ECONOMIC RISKS

November 21, 2010 at 3:17 am | Posted in Ecology, Economics, Financial, Globalization, Research | Leave a comment

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AHEAD OF UN CLIMATE CHANGE TALKS, INVESTORS WARN OF

ECONOMIC RISKS OF INACTION

UNNews UNNews@un.org

New York, Nov 16 2010

AHEAD OF UN CLIMATE CHANGE TALKS, INVESTORS WARN OF

ECONOMIC RISKS OF INACTION

Nov 16, 2010

The world risks economic crises larger than the recent global financial disruption unless governments, policy-makers and delegates to the forthcoming United Nations conference on climate change take action to combat global warming, major investors warned today.

Nearly 260 investors from Asia, Africa, Australia, Europe, Latin America and North America, who collectively have assets valued at $15 trillion, said in joint statement that the potential climate-related gross domestic product (GDP) losses could soar up to 20 per cent by 2050 as a result of climate change.

Citing the economic benefits of shifting to low-carbon and resource-efficient economies, they called for national and international policies that will spur private investment into green technology.

“We cannot drag our feet on the issue of global climate change,” said Barbara Krumsiek, Chair of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) Finance Initiative and Chief Executive Officer of the United States-based Calvert Investments. “Calvert is deeply concerned about the devastating impacts climate change – if left unaddressed – will have on the global economy,” she said.

The statement was released ahead of the climate change conference in Cancún, Mexico, which will open on 29 November with the world trying to agree on a new international climate change regime to succeed the Kyoto Protocol to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) under which industrialized countries committed themselves to a reduction of greenhouse gases.

While low-carbon global investment is increasing, especially in Asia, the investors said more private capital would be available for renewable energy, energy efficiency and other low-carbon technologies, if stronger policies were adopted.

They said that global clean energy investment is expected to rise to $200 billion this year, which is far less than the roughly $500 billion that Bloomberg New Energy Finance and the World Economic Forum says is needed per year by 2020 to restrict global warming to below 2 degrees.

North America lags well behind Europe and Asia in clean energy investment, having committed $20.7 billion in renewable energy projects in 2009, compared to $43.7 billion for Europe and $40.8 billion for Asia, according to a recent UNEP report.

“A basic lesson to be learned from past experience in renewable energy is that, almost without exception, private sector investment in climate solutions has been driven by consistent and sustained government policy,” said Ole Beier Sørensen, chairman of the Institutional Investor Group on Climate Change and chief of Research and Strategy at the Danish pension fund ATP.

“Experiences from countries such as Spain, Germany and China show how structured policies can bolster investor confidence and help drive renewable energy investments,” he added.
Nov 16 2010

For more details go to UN News Centre at http://www.un.org/news

AHEAD OF UN CLIMATE CHANGE TALKS, INVESTORS WARN OF

ECONOMIC RISKS OF INACTION

UNNews UNNews@un.org

UN News Centre at http://www.un.org/news

New York, Nov 16 2010

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GLOBAL FOOD PRICES NEXT YEAR

November 21, 2010 at 1:21 am | Posted in Development, Ecology, Economics, Financial, Globalization, Research | Leave a comment

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GLOBAL FOOD PRICES MAY BE EVEN HIGHER NEXT YEAR, WARNS

NEW UN REPORT

UNNews UNNews@un.org

New York, Nov 17 2010

GLOBAL FOOD PRICES MAY BE EVEN HIGHER NEXT YEAR, WARNS

NEW UN REPORT

Wed, Nov 17, 2010

Global food import bills may pass the $1 trillion mark in 2010, a level not seen since food prices peaked in 2008, says a new United Nations report, which warns that harder times could be ahead without a major increase in food production next year.

According to the latest edition of the http://www.fao.org/docrep/013/al969e/al969e00.pdfFood Outlook report, released by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), food import bills for the world’s poorest countries are predicted to rise 11 per cent in 2010 and by 20 per cent for low-income food-deficit countries.

“With the pressure on world prices of most commodities not abating, the international community must remain vigilant against further supply shocks in 2011 and be prepared,” said the Rome-based agency.

With global cereal stocks expected to decline sharply, the report calls for boosting production to replenish inventories.

World cereals stocks are anticipated to shrink by six per cent according to FAO, with barley plunging 35 per cent, maize 12 per cent and wheat 10 per cent. Only rice reserves are expected to increase — by six per cent.

“Given the expectation of falling global inventories, the size of next year’s crops will be critical in setting the tone for stability in international markets,” FAO said.

“For major cereals, production must expand substantially to meet utilization and to reconstitute world reserves, and farmers are likely to respond to the prevailing prices by expanding plantings.”

“Cereals however may not be the only crops farmers will be trying to produce more of, as rising prices have also made other commodities attractive to grow, from soybeans to sugar and cotton.

“This could limit individual crop production responses to levels that would be insufficient to alleviate market tightness. Against this backdrop, consumers may have little choice but to pay higher prices for
their food,” FAO warned.

Global food prices could rise further if production next year does not increase significantly — especially in maize, soybean, and wheat, the report stressed.

According to FAO, the price of sugar — which recently surpassed 30-year highs — was a major reason for the rise in the price of the global food basket in recent months.

Meat prices have also risen but the increase has been far more contained so far, while butter has already hit an all time high, the agency reported. Fish also registered large price gains, showing a strong recovery after sharp falls since the end of 2008.

Nov 17 2010

For more details go to UN News Centre at http://www.un.org/news

GLOBAL FOOD PRICES MAY BE EVEN HIGHER NEXT YEAR, WARNS

NEW UN REPORT

UNNews UNNews@un.org

New York, Nov 17 2010

GLOBAL FOOD PRICES MAY BE EVEN HIGHER NEXT YEAR, WARNS

NEW UN REPORT

UN News Centre at http://www.un.org/news

Wed, Nov 17, 2010

INVESTING IN DEVELOPMENT

November 21, 2010 at 1:08 am | Posted in Development, Ecology, Economics, Financial, Globalization, Research, Third World, World-system | Leave a comment

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INVESTING IN DEVELOPMENT WILL BOOST GLOBAL

ECONOMIC RECOVERY, BAN TELLS G20 LEADERS

UNNews UNNews@un.org

New York, Nov 12 2010

INVESTING IN DEVELOPMENT WILL BOOST GLOBAL

ECONOMIC RECOVERY, BAN TELLS G20 LEADERS

Fri, Nov 12, 2010

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today urged leaders of the Group of 20 (G20) major economies at their meeting in Seoul to invest in development, which will not only help millions of people who are suffering due to the global economic downturn but also improve the lives of the world’s poorest.

Development is not a side issue. Investing in development is investing in everyone’s recovery,” he http://www.un.org/apps/news/infocus/sgspeeches/statments_full.asp?statID=1010told the leaders during their session on development, part of the two-day G20 summit that ended on Friday in the Republic of Korea.

He welcomed the summit’s focus on development, and recalled the renewed political commitment expressed by leaders during the summit held in New York in September on achieving the global anti-poverty targets with a 2015 deadline, known as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

“Throughout that summit, we heard one word repeated again and again. That word was ‘accountability.’ Promises made must be promises kept. Our words must translate into action on the ground,” said the Secretary-General.

Mr. Ban highlighted three keys to “laying a firm foundation for progress,” beginning by keeping the focus on the MDGs – which he called the universally-accepted blueprint for economic growth, decent jobs, education, health care, women’s empowerment, clean water, and a clean environment – by demonstrating strong political will.

He also stressed the need to make strategic investments that multiply progress across all MDGs, and to follow through on funding commitments.

“The people of the world are watching. Many are anxious, angry and hurting. They fear for their jobs, their families, their futures. It is up to us now to show that we understand and are willing to act.

“Let’s deliver. Here and now,” the Secretary-General stated, pledging that the UN will continue to be an “essential” partner in all of these efforts.

Mr. Ban also http://www.un.org/apps/news/infocus/sgspeeches/statments_full.asp?statID=1009 addressed leaders at the G20 working lunch on climate change and green growth, during which he stressed the need to make progress on all fronts, including finance, adaptation and technology cooperation, in the lead up to next month’s UN conference in Cancún, Mexico.

“Progress in these areas can deliver immediate results, particularly for the most vulnerable. We can and must move on these items now, even as governments continue to press forward on thornier political issues. The world’s poor cannot afford to wait,” he stated.

He noted that, outside the formal negotiations, G20 members can accelerate their individual and collective initiatives to slow and reduce emissions and strengthen adaptation.

“Climate finance is crucial for unlocking progress in the negotiations and closing the gap in trust,” he stated, calling on G20 developed countries to contribute “fairly and transparently” to fast-start funding for the 2010-2012 period.

“Developing countries are looking for new and additional funds, not repackaged development aid,” he added.

Mr. Ban also urged all stakeholders to scale up contributions to meet the goal of providing $100 billion annually in support by 2020 to help developing nations deal with climate change. “It is challenging, but feasible.”

In addition, he stressed the need to accelerate efforts to phase out fossil fuel subsidies, which, in itself, could improve economic efficiency and generate sizeable revenues for climate action and green growth.

“The longer we delay, the more we will pay – in resources, economic competitiveness… and lives.”
Nov 12 2010

For more details go to UN News Centre at http://www.un.org/news

INVESTING IN DEVELOPMENT WILL BOOST GLOBAL

ECONOMIC RECOVERY, BAN TELLS G20 LEADERS

UNNews UNNews@un.org

New York, Nov 12 2010

INVESTING IN DEVELOPMENT WILL BOOST GLOBAL

ECONOMIC RECOVERY, BAN TELLS G20 LEADERS

UN News Centre at http://www.un.org/news

Fri, Nov 12, 2010

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AFRICAN INDUSTRIALIZATION

November 21, 2010 at 12:02 am | Posted in Africa, Development, Economics, Globalization, Research | Leave a comment

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INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA CAN

HELP ACHIEVE BETTER WORLD FOR ALL,

SAYS BAN

UNNews UNNews@un.org

Sat, 20 Nov 2010

INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA CAN HELP ACHIEVE

BETTER WORLD FOR ALL, SAYS BAN

New York, Nov 20 2010

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today underlined the need to increase international cooperation to unleash Africa‘s potential, saying that the continent’s development can contribute to a better world for all.

With the continuing global economic crisis reducing demand for African exports, constricting foreign aid, and hindering the flow of remittances, Mr. Ban noted that Africa‘s share of the weakened global economy remains “disproportionately low.”

In a http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs//2010/sgsm13243.doc.htm message marking Africa Industrialization Day, whose theme this year is “Competitive industries for the development of Africa,” he stressed the need to increase international cooperation in order to “unleash the continent’s potential.”

“We know that processing Africa’s agricultural and mineral resource will yield higher-value products that can help integrate the continent into the global economy,” he said. “Our collective challenge is to assist Africa in building capacity to do this.”

Mr. Ban emphasized the United Nations Industrial Development Organization’s (UNIDO) support for the African Union’s plan for the Accelerated Industrial Development of Africa but noted that success will depend on African countries and their partners.

Pointing to the widespread difficulties caused by the global economic crisis, the Secretary-General observed that poverty and instability can “reverberate far and wide” and urged greater support for Africa’s push towards “a greener and more prosperous future.”

“A sustainable approach to industrial development in Africa can help uplift societies, protect the environment, and contribute to a better world for all,” he said.

The heads of the African Union Commission, the UN Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) and UNIDO issued a http://www.unido.org/fileadmin/user_media/UNIDO_Worldwide/Africa_Programme/jointstatem
ent_en.pdf” joint statement on Friday, in which they urged the creation of “competitive industries, as a way for promoting Africa’s development.”

They noted that, in recent years, many African countries have undertaken comprehensive policy reforms, aimed at creating a conducive policy environment for industrialization and development in general.

While prudent policies are critical for development, “they on their own do not present sufficient condition for stimulating a strategic and sustainable development process. Instead, a multitude of other conditions must also be met,” they stated.

Meanwhile, at a http://www.un.org/News/briefings/docs//2010/101119_UNIDO.doc.htm press conference in New York on Friday, UNIDO’s Representative to the UN, George Assaf, told journalists that the theme of this year’s Day goes “right into the heart” of the agency’s mandate.

“Africa needs to integrate more efficiently into international markets,” said Mr. Assaf. “Africa needs to accelerate economic growth.”

In 1989, the UN General Assembly proclaimed 20 November Africa Industrialization Day with the intent to mobilize the commitment of the international community to the industrialization of Africa.
Nov 20 2010

For more details go to UN News Centre at http://www.un.org/news

INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA CAN HELP

ACHIEVE BETTER WORLD FOR ALL, SAYS BAN

UNNews UNNews@un.org

Sat, 20 Nov 2010

INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA CAN HELP ACHIEVE

BETTER WORLD FOR ALL, SAYS BAN

UN News Centre at http://www.un.org/news

New York, Nov 20 2010

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