JEREMY BENTHAM AND THE WORD “INTERNATIONAL”August 5, 2008 at 4:14 am | Posted in Books, Globalization, History, Research | Leave a comment
In the classic scholarly study, “Reaction and Revolution, 1813-1832″, by Frederick B. Artz, Harper paperback, 1963, we read of Jeremy Bentham:
He himself coined a word which expresses his point
of view, the word international. (page 106)
Five Benthamite coinages are:
codification, maximize, maximization, minimize and international.
With reference to international:
In his most famous work, written in 1780 but not published until the end of the decade in 1789, Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation, he writes as follows:
“XXV. In the second place, with regard to the political quality of the persons whose conduct is the object of the law. These may, on any given occasion, be considered either as members of the same state, or as members of different states: in the first ease, the law may be referred to the head of internal, in the second case, to that of international jurisprudence.”
Then comes his explanation:
“The word international, it must be acknowledged, is a new one; though, it is hoped, sufficiently analogous and intelligible. It is calculated to express, in a more significant way, the branch of law which goes commonly under the name of the law of nations…..