THE TREE OF LIFE

November 22, 2006 at 11:08 pm | Posted in Earth, Globalization, History, Philosophy, Research, Science & Technology | Leave a comment

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The Tree of Life Web Project (ToL)

The Tree of Life Web Project (ToL)

http://tolweb.org/tree/phylogeny.html

The Tree of Life Web Project (ToL) is a collaborative effort of biologists from around the world. On more
than 4000 World Wide Web pages, the project provides information about the diversity of
organisms on Earth, their evolutionary history (phylogeny), and characteristics.

Each page contains information about a particular group of organisms (e.g., echinoderms, tyrannosaurs,
phlox flowers, cephalopods,
club fungi, or the salamanderfish of Western Australia). ToL
pages are linked one to another hierarchically, in the form of the evolutionary tree of
life. Starting with the root of all Life on Earth and
moving out along diverging branches to individual species, the structure of the ToL project thus illustrates
the genetic connections between all living things.

"The affinities of all the beings of the same class have sometimes been
represented by a great tree… As buds give rise by growth to fresh buds, and these if
vigorous, branch out and overtop on all sides many a feebler branch, so by generation I
believe it has been with the great
Tree of Life, which fills with its dead and broken branches the crust of the earth, and
covers the surface with its ever branching and beautiful ramifications."

Charles Darwin, 1859

INFLUENZA VIRUS: HN NOMENCLATURE

November 22, 2006 at 10:08 pm | Posted in Globalization, History, Research, Science & Technology | Leave a comment

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The Influenza Virus:

Hemagglutinin & Neuraminidase

http://medschool.wustl.edu/~virology/influenza.htm

The world has been aware of the disease and symptoms of influenza for centuries with
periodic epidemics recorded in the 19th and 20th centuries. The flu pandemic of 1918-1919
led to an estimated 20 million deaths around the world – more than the number killed in
the battles of World War I. The virus, itself, was first isolated in the 1930’s and the
first glimpse of its structure came in 1943 when it was seen in the electron microscope.

The outer surface of the virus contains two glycoproteins, the hemagglutinin and the
neuraminidase embedded in the virus lipid membrane envelope. The hemagglutinin or HA was
so named because it is the protein responsible for the ability of flu virus to agglutinate
red blood cells and for the binding of the virus to cells via its attachment to sialic
acid. It is now recognized as the major virulence factor associated with this virus.

In 1981 Wilson, Wiley and Skehel published the atomic structure of the hemagglutinin to a resolution of 3
angstroms – this was the first look at the structure of a viral membrane protein. Two
years later, the structure of influenza virus
neuraminidase to a resolution of 2.9 angstroms was solved by Varghese, Laver and Coleman.

John Skehel began his studies with the hemagglutinin in the early 1970s John Skehel Oral History and not
long afterward, Don Wiley decided that this protein was the one whose structure he would
determine. One of the deciding factors was the report by Brand and Skehel in 1972 that
they had obtained crystals of a soluble form of the HA
clipped from its membrane anchor by the proteinase, bromelain. Wiley
Oral History
Wiley obtained some of this purified HA from Skehel and began, but both
Wiley and Skehel agree that the first crystals obtained at Harvard may really have been –
pieces of broken glass! Wiley Oral History John Skehel Oral History. But that was only for a brief
moment and Don was soon able to obtain beautiful crystals of the
hemagglutinin that diffracted out to 3 Å.

Don Wiley took a sabbatical in London where he worked with Skehel and this began their
long term collaboration. He then returned to
HarvardIan Wilson joined the lab and together they solved
the structure of
HA. Wiley Oral History It is an unusual structure: the protein
is a trimer with two distinct regions – a stem consisting of a triple stranded coiled-coil
of alpha-helices extending 76 Å from the membrane and a globular region of antiparallel
beta-sheet on top.

What did this tell us about the biological activities?

One satisfying result was to see that the host-receptor binding site was located on the
top globular portion. It is the amino acids that surround this region that have undergone
change in most of the antigenic variants appearing in
influenza virus epidemics.

Even more interesting were the problems raised about the presumed role of HA in fusion. By the time the atomic
structure was solved,
HA was
known to be the mediator of fusion between the virus and cell membranes. The amino
terminus of HA2 was thought to be the fusion peptide but the atomic structure showed that
it was tucked inside the stalk of the
HA and was located 100 Å from the tip and 35 Å from the membrane end of the
molecule. If this were the fusion peptide, how did it work? How could it insert into a
cellular membrane? The length of the HA molecule was 135 Å from the virus membrane to the
receptor pocket on the globular head and this structure should restrict membranes from
getting close enough together to fuse.

Don Wiley recalls that the critical experiment, the experiment that demonstrated that
the
hemagglutinin underwent a
conformational change at low pH, was by John Skehel in 1982. Wiley
Oral History

“In 1982, John made what I think is the discovery. He doesn’t agree he thinks that
it was the structure. He’s the person who lowered the pH of some hemagglutinin
and showed that the hemagglutinin underwent a conformational
change that was clearly the equivalent of fusion in the sense that you took BHA (the
bromelain treated HA) which was not a membrane protein, lowered the pH to the pH of the
endosomes and it became a membrane protein. If you did it in the presence of lipid
vesicles it stuck to the lipid vesicles without a transmembrane tail, or if you did it in
the presence of detergent micelles it stuck to detergent micelles, or if you did it in the
presence of nothing – water- it formed rosettes which you could see in the electron
microscope and looked just like the hemagglutinin would look
with its transmembrane tail before you lowered the pH. It looked like a membrane protein
in water; namely, a protein-protein micelle so that really established I think the
important thing.”

And then Don said: “The paper was clear about it. Whether anyone else got it is
another issue. We got it – believe me. I remember that one of the things we were worried
about is – well, maybe the protein is just completely falling apart and we would talk
everyday over the phone and I think it was me who had the ‘brilliant’ idea of asking
whether it hemagglutinated after you lowered the pH. Because before you lowered the pH,
BHA won’t hemagglutinate because it’s not rosettes but after
you lowered the pH if it really stuck together as rosettes and it were really still the hemagglutinin and hadn’t been shot in some way, then the binding
sites should still be O.K. and it should hemagglutinate. Sure
enough it did. So then we sort of knew that the molecule was undergoing a conformational
change.”

But in the 1982 paper the authors wrote: “The limited changes observed even after
tryptic digestion argue against gross secondary structure modifications”. They
thought that the changes were “not inconsistent with relative movements of molecular
domains that independently maintain their tertiary structure”.

In the mid-80s Skehel and his colleagues measured substantial physical changes in the hemagglutinin after it had been exposed to low pH. Electron
microscopy indicated that the molecule became thinner and elongated (Ruigrok et al. EMBO J
5: 41-49,1986). But at that time, the idea that proteins could undergo drastic
conformational changes was not so easy to accept.

Don admits that his response to the electron microscopy was:

“No that’s completely impossible, protein’s don’t unfold, this is a solid protein.
Look at all this beta sheet, look at this helix holding on here and so on. This will never
happen”.

A structure for portions of the low pH form of HA2 was solved in 1994 and we now know
that after exposure to low pH the conformational changes are very impressive: portions of
the HA2 shift from an extended chain into an alpha helix and other sequences move from an
alpha helix to an extended chain. In this new structure, the fusion peptide is at the tip
of an elongated coiled-coil chain and the domains near the C-terminal interact with those
near the amino terminus
. The low pH form is
more thermodynamically stable than the native form of the HA2. The initial folding of the
HA2 domains leads to a metastable configuration. Exposure to acid converts this form to
the thermodynamically stable form of the molecule. An implication of these alterations is
that a protein may not always fold into its most stable conformation. Does this alter how
we think about protein folding?

But the hemagglutinin is
not the only protein on the surface of the influenza virus particle. The other protein,
neuraminidase, plays an essential role in
the life cycle of the virus and has its own interesting history. According to Graeme Laver:

“The neuraminidase story started in the 1940s when George Hirst,
working in the Rockefeller Institute in New York, reported that when allantoic fluid from
flu virus infected eggs was mixed with red blood cells in ice the cells were very heavily
agglutinated. If these agglutinated cells were warmed to 37 degrees they dispersed and
could not be re-agglutinated in the cold by fresh virus. Hirst took this to mean that the
virus had an enzyme which destroyed receptors for the virus on the red cell. Shortly
after, MacFarlane Burnet (the same MacFarlane Burnet who demonstrated that there were
several strains of poliovirus),
in the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute in Melbourne, found that Vibrio cholerae secreted
an enzyme which did the same thing and this enzyme became known as receptor destroying
enzyme or RDE. Burnet was immensely curious about the nature of the substrate for RDE and
persuaded (ordered, more likely !) a biochemist, Alfred Gottschalk who was working on
yeast fermentation in the Institute, to stop working on yeast and find out what reaction
RDE catalyzed.

Gottschalk discovered that the reaction product produced by the RDE was sialic acid
(N-acetyl neuraminic acid) and that RDE is a sialidase or
neuraminidase. Then Graeme explained how the
activities of neuraminidase and
hemagglutinin were distinguished:

“It had been generally accepted that the agglutination of red
cells by flu virus was due to the sialidase (neuraminidase) on the virus binding to its
substrate, sialic acid, on the surface of the cell. This idea persisted for some time
until, in 1961, the first doubts started to appear. Mayron and his colleagues showed that
a soluble sialidase could be separated from the PR8 influenza virus and it did not adsorb
to red cells (Mayron, L. W., Robert, B., Winzler, R. J. and Rafelson, M. E. Arch. Biochem.
Biophys. 92: 475- 483, 1961). In 1962 in a more elegant experiment, Hans Noll found that
treating flu B virus with trypsin liberated almost 100% of the
neuraminidase as a soluble molecule with
sedimentation coefficient of 9S (about 200,000 Mol Wt) leaving all of the
haemagglutinin activity still associated
with the virus particle (Noll, H., Aoyagi, T. and Orlando, J. Virology 18: 154-157,
1962).”

The structure of neuraminidase was solved in 1983 by J. N. Varghese, W. G. Laver and P. M. Colman (Nature
303:35-40). In the same issue of
Nature Don Wiley commented on the structure writing that: “Viewed from above the
head, each monomer consists of six of the four-stranded sheets arrayed like the petals of
a flower but twisted like the blades of a pinwheel. A new category of tertiary structure
is born”.

Neuraminidase belongs to the class of proteins embedded in the
membrane at the amino terminus. The box-like head of the neuraminidase
is connected to a stalk that comprises the amino terminal part of the protein and includes
the membrane-spanning domain. The stalk had been removed by protease treatment for
crystallization and its structure remains unknown.

The structures of the plant RNA viruses and the picornaviruses had been remarkable in
their similarity, not so the hemagglutinin and neuraminidase.

Don Wiley wrote: “The topology of folding in the NA is quite unrelated to that in
the HA, however, so suggestions that the two sialic acid-binding proteins of the virus may
have evolved from a common ancestor can safely be dismissed”.

OIL & GAS CONFERENCES: CGES LONDON

November 22, 2006 at 8:10 pm | Posted in Globalization, History, Middle East, Oil & Gas, Research, Science & Technology | Leave a comment

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CENTRE FOR GLOBAL ENERGY STUDIES: LONDON

Oil in 15 volumes – 2006 Edition

CGES 29th Executive Retreat

IRAN AND IRAQ: POLITICS AND OIL

www.cges.co.uk

Oil in 15 Volumes 2006 Edition

Order now

The volumes include:

OPEC Issues

Oil Production Capacity

Non-OPEC Upstream Sector

Click here for full list.

Order now

Visit our website for details of all CGES products and events

www.cges.co.uk

Dear Colleague ,

The CGES Oil in 15 Volumes set of archive books updated earlier
in 2006 collates 15 years of in-depth research and advanced expert analysis from our
flagship publication, the
Global Oil Report.

Available on CD, the Oil in 15 Volumes 2006
edition
provides you with a valuable source of reference for each
key sector of the oil industry, ranging from oil production capacity to refining and
transportation. Updated to the end of 2005, this unique product allows you access to the
Centre’s high-quality research, based on accurate data.

Whether you are a Global Oil Report subscriber or not, these volumes will provide you with a convenient reference
tool for each important aspect of the oil industry. Click here for more information, and
the full list of volumes available.

Click here to order the newly updated Oil in 15 volumes for £850. Alternatively,
complete and return the attached form to fax +44(0)20 7235 4338. Individual volumes are
available for £80 each.

Kind Regards Sarah Shubrook
Marketing Assistant

Tel: +44(0)20 7309 5657

Register now:

CGES 29th Executive Retreat

IRAN AND IRAQ: POLITICS AND OIL

7th & 8th December 2006 at Pennyhill Park Hotel, Surrey

——————————————————————————–

Register now

CGES 29th Executive Retreat

Iran and Iraq: politics and oil

7th & 8th December 2006 at Pennyhill Park hotel

Click here for list of speakers and programme

New CGES study:

Saudi Arabia and Oil Prices: the Kingdom’s prospects to 2020

Price: £650

Click here for details

Dear Colleague,

The CGES 29th Retreat is fast approaching, there are now only two
weeks to go! Please register now to reserve your place.

The CGES 29th Executive Retreat in December will address the
topic Iran and Iraq: Politics and Oil, examining the countries’ relationships to each
other, their neighbours and the West, and the likely political developments that will have
a bearing on the future of oil.

Join us at this exclusive event, which will provide you with a unique opportunity to
discuss these crucial issues with our guest speakers and industry experts. Please find the
full programme attached.

Chaired by HE Sheikh Zaki Yamani, the December Retreat will cover
topics including:

Geopolitics in the Gulf Region

Middle East in Crisis

Iran’s growing influence in the Middle East: economics, politics and the nuclear
standoff

Iraq’s constitution and challenges: political future and government initiatives

US policies in the light of political change

The need for future oil from Iran and Iraq

Delegate price is £1680 + VAT, which includes admission to the conference, all meals
and one-night accommodation at the Pennyhill Park hotel.

Click here to register, or complete and return the attached form to fax number +44(0)20
7235 4338. Alternatively, email marketing@cges.co.uk.

Kind Regards Louise Peacock
Marketing Executive

AL-QUDS UNIVERSITY CONFERENCE ON PALESTINIAN REFUGEES

November 22, 2006 at 7:27 pm | Posted in Arabs, Globalization, History, Israel, Middle East, Zionism | Leave a comment

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???????: 21/6/2006

Al-Quds University

PRESS -Invitation

The International Conference on the Palestinian Refugees:

Conditions and Recent Developments

Alquds University Mail alqudsu@alquds.edu

November 25th and 26th
  2006

Dear Sir/Madame,

Al-Quds University cordially Invites you to attend the
Scientific Sessions and to meet a number of well-Known world-wide Refugees issue’s
experts during the conference to be held in November 25th and 26th
2006at AQ main Campus in Abu-dis/Jerusalem.

As part of our logistics arrangement, we would like to ask you Kindly to confirm your
attendance via this address:

foryou@alquds.edu or

media@admin.alquds.edu

For more information plz don’t hesitate to call up: Telefax # 2790606

Very Best wishes

Media Office

Public Relations & Cultural Affairs Dept.

CC; Dir. PRCA

Alquds University refugees conference

IPCRI-News–Views-owner@googlegroups.com

Alquds University Mail alqudsu@alquds.edu

DialogueandDevelopment@yahoogroups.com

Monday, November 20, 2006

Al-Quds University

The International Conference on the Palestinian Refugees:

Conditions and Recent Developments

November 25th and 26th 2006

Conference Program

The Opening

November 25th, 2006 (The
Theater- The Main Campus, Jerusalem- Abu Dis)

Time

Event

08:45-09:45

Registration

09:15-10:00

An opening and
welcome speech by the Chair of the Steering Committee
Speech of the
President of Al-Quds University
Speech of his
Excellency the Chairman of PNA, Mahmoud Abbas

The Activities of
the First Day

November 25th, 2006 (The Theater- The Main Campus,
Jerusalem- Abu Dis)

Time

Theme

Name

Subject

10:00-12:00

The Latest Developments in
the Living Conditions of the Palestinian Refugees in the Arab Countries

Saeb Ereqat

Chairman of Panel

Nabil Shaath

Taba Agreement and
the Refugees

Oraib Al-Rintawi

The Latest
Developments in the Living Conditions of the Palestinian Refugees in Jordan

Richard Cook

The Latest
Developments in the Living Conditions of the Palestinian Refugees in Lebanon

Oroub Al-Abed The Suffering of the Palestinian
Refugees, and the Problems of Adaptation
Sari Hanafi Palestinian Refugee Camps: A space of
Exception
12:00-12:15 Break
12:15-14:00 The Refugees’
Displacement and Property Rights
Sami Imshasha?

Chairman of Panel

Atif Qubrusi Property Rights in the Lands from
which the Palestinian Refugees were Displaced
Adnan Abdelrazek The Palestinian refugees’
property in the perspective of the United Nations
Muhammad Kayyal The Internally Displaced Persons in
Historical Palestine

Saleh Abd-el-Jawad

New Trends in The
Zionist Narrative about the birth of the Palestinian Refugee problem

14:00-15:00

Lunch Break
15:00-17:00 The Conditions of the
Refugees in Palestine
Hadil Qazzaz

Chairman of Panel

Anders Fange

The Living
Conditions of the Palestinian Refugees in Palestine (West Bank and Gaza)

Loay Shabaneh The Use of the Refugees Archives in
Political and Social Planning
Hazem Qawasmi

The Economical
Conditions of the Palestinian Refugees

Cairo Arafat

The Psychological
Side of the Palestinian Children Refugees

Mahasen Al-Imam

The Role of Media,
and the Right the Palestinian Refugees to Return to their Homes in Theory and Practice

Yusef Falah

Comparative Study: Education in the
Palestinian Refugee Camps
 

Cultural
and Entertainment activities: Palestinian Folk Dancing, Exhibitions, Movies, …etc

The Activities of
the Second Day

November 26th, 2006 (The Theater- The Main Campus,
Jerusalem- Abu Dis)

Time

Theme

Name

Subject

09:00-11:15 The Legal Dimension of the
Palestinian Refugees Issue
Camille Mansour Chairman of Panel
Laila Hilal The Negotiations About the Future of
the Refugees
Suszan Akram Temporary Protection and the
Palestinian Refugee Case
Terry Rempel The Right of the Palestinian Refugees
to return to their homes in theory and practice
Muhammad Shalaldeh The International Legal Protection of
the Palestinian Refugees
Mustafa Mari  
Asem Khalil Citizenship Laws and the
Palestinians’ Right to Return
11:15-11:30 Break

11:30-13:45

International Examples for
Solving Refugees Problems

Ibrahim
Sha’ban

Chairman
of Panel

Matin
Baraki

Refugees
in Afghanistan

Paul Prettitore

International
Examples for Solving Refugees Problems

Megan Bradley

Reparations and the
return of

refugees in ‘safety and dignity’

Alan Dodson

International
Examples for Solving Refugees Problems

Veijo Heiskanen

International
Claims Commissions in a Historical Perspective

13:45-14:45 Lunch

14:45-16:45

The Refugees Issue: Where
to?

Ali Al-Jirbawi

Chairman of Panel

Naser
Al-Qudweh

The
UN and the Refugees Cause

Karma
Nabulsi

The Engine Of A
Solution: Political And Civic Participation Of The Refugees

Saji
Salameh

The
PLO and the Palestinian Refugees Issue

Nadim
Rohana

The
Proposed Solutions Concerning the Refugees Issue

16:45-17:00 Break

17:00-17:30

Concluding
and Recommendations

WHO’S WHO IN POWER INDUSTRY: INDIA

November 22, 2006 at 2:28 pm | Posted in Economics, Financial, Globalization, History, India, Oil & Gas, Research, Science & Technology | Leave a comment

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”Overview of Power Sector in India’ is the industry’s annual reference source<br /> offering a holistic view of the developments taking place in the power sector

INDIACORE FEATURED PUBLICATIONS

IndiaCore Who’s Who in Power Industry 2006/ 2007 (New Release)

November 2006 issue of the electronic newsletter from IndiaCore

IndiaCore Response Team
Address: 114, Jaina Tower II, District Centre, Janak Puri,
New Delhi 110 058. INDIA.

Tel: +91 +11- 2554 2551/ 4158 9329
Fax: +91 +11- 6640 5777

email- indiacore@gmail.com
/ icore2006@gmail.com
/ ipis@bol.net.in

Welcome to the November 2006 issue of the electronic newsletter from IndiaCore- the online resource for information on the Indian Core Sector. In this issue:

INDIACORE FEATURED PUBLICATIONS IndiaCore Who’s Who in Power Industry 2006/ 2007 (New Release)

‘IndiaCore Who’s Who in Power Industry’ is the indispensable, comprehensive industry reference source of latest information of who’s who, key professionals & organizations in the Indian power & allied infrastructure industry.

It is your definitive guide to the Indian Power Industry….. The book & CD version of the Directory is fully revised every year.

As a recognition of this elite and definitive work, more than 40 leading organisations have advertised in the 2006/ 2007 edition. Advertisers include Chattisgarh State Electricity Board, EMCO, Enercon, Euromoney Energy, Delhi Control Devices, Deutz Power, FICCI, Honeywell, IEEMA, IREDA, Jaiprakash Industries, Jharkhand State Electricity Board, KLG Systel, Lapp Kabel, Megger, NDPL, NHPC , Nuclear Power Corporation of India, Power Grid Corporation, Power Trading Corporation, Reliance (BSES Rajdhani Power), Rockwell Automation, Safcon, Suzlon, Taurus Powertronics, Teledata Informatics, Vestas RRB, West Bengal State Electricity Board etc.

The 2006/ 2007 edition has just been released in November 2006.

Price for Indian Orders- Rs 1200 plus Rs 75 for courier & handling charges Price for International Orders- USD 90 plus USD 25 for shipping & handling charges

Overview of Power Sector in India 2005- revised edition

”Overview of Power Sector in India’ is the industry’s annual reference source offering a holistic view of the developments taking place in the power sector. It offers the most
comprehensive and up-to-date review of all segments of the power sector.The Report analyses the prevailing scenario in the Indian power sector along-with the existing policy and regulatory framework. It tracks the growth and performance of the Indian power sector, the ongoing reform initiatives and offers statistical updates on generation, transmission & distribution areas.

The report is available in print alongwith lot of useful information in CD.

Price for Indian Orders- Rs 2000 plus Rs 75 for courier & handling charges Price for International Orders- USD 100 plus USD 25 for shipping & handling charges

INDIACORE UPCOMING FEATURED EVENTS Renewable Energy Finance Forum- India November 30-December 01, 2006, Hotel Hyatt Regency, New Delhi. INDIA Euromoney Energy Events is organising the India’s first international conference addressing renewable energy finance and investment …. REFF-India is dedicated to companies and investors aiming to capitalise on the additional 10,000 MW of renewable energy capacity set as a 2012 target by the Government of India. India is rapidly emerging as a major new RE market and REFF-India will provide a unique update on the best investment strategies and targets as well as on the key uncertainties and most appropriate risk mitigation tools.

For more details please visit www.reff-india.com
or contact :
Mr Glenn Cooney on +44 20 7779 8914 or email
him

Participants from India, please contact Arati
Walia
, Tel: 011- 2684 9399/ 2691 1312, Fax: 011- 2684 8343.

International Coal Congress & Expo 2006 December 11- 13, 2006, Hotel The Ashok, New
Delhi. INDIA Tafcon Group in association with the Institution of Engineers (India) and
Indian National Committee,
World Mining Congress is organising the International Coal Congress & Expo 2006. It will showcase
India’s strengths, initiatives taken and unprecedented opportunities in the areas of
technology up-gradation, new investments, trade promotion and employment generation that
the Coal Sector offers. The theme of the Congress is “Sustainable Development of Coal
for Energy Security”. The event is supported by Ministry of Coal & Ministry of
Mines, Govt. of India.

For more details, please contact:
Mr Vijay Kumar Saluja
TAFCON Projects India Private Limited
C- 60, Nizamuddin East
New Delhi 110 013
Tel: 011- 2435 2141/ 44/ 82/ 84/ D- 011- 5565 9495
Fax: 011- 2435 5215/ 2435 4077
email:info@tafcon.com
/ coalevent@tafcon.com
Website: www.tafcon.com

O&M in Mid Sized Power Plants December 14, 2006, Hotel Le Meridien, New Delhi.
INDIA Infraline Energy Research in association with Thermax present one day Seminar on
O&M in Mid Sized Power Plants. It is an opportunity to understand and share the issues
related to operating and maintaining mid sized power plants including captive power plants
and Independent power plants / Merchant Power Plants.

For more details, please contact:
Mr. Chanderkant Verma
Conference Secretariat: Infraline Energy Research and Information Services
14th Floor, Atmaram Towers, 1 Tolstoy Road,
New Delhi 110 001
Tel: +91-11- 6609 0000 / 4155 1321
Fax: +91 11 2375 3585
Mobile: +91- 98718 92347
Email: chanderkant@infraline.com

Distribution India 2- Loss Reduction & Performance Quality Improvement April 19-
20, 2007, India Habitat Centre, New Delhi. INDIA India Core and
Council of Power Utilities are pleased to announce the second edition of
‘Distribution India’- a biennial conference & exhibition focussing on issues in the
power distribution industry
. The Distribution India series offers a
unique platform to learn, discuss and exchange experience about the major structural,
technical, managerial and regulatory changes in the Electricity Distribution segment
amongst various stakeholders.

Distribution India 2 will explore the best practices and most relevant technologies in
distribution management with special focus on loss reduction & performance quality
improvement. It will analyze the numerous benefits of adopting these technologies even
while it provides a realistic framework for incorporating them. It will offer
organisations with business interests in the region to play a major role in one of the
world’s fastest developing power distribution markets and unparalleled opportunities to
meet business associates & prospective clients.

More than 300 senior executives from various countries attended the Distribution India
1 event in April 2004 in New Delhi (visit ‘Distribution
India 1’ archives
)- underlining the event’s importance and its position.

For further details & participation in this important event, please click
here
or contact:

IndiaCore Response Team
Address: 114, Jaina Tower II, District Centre, Janak Puri,
New Delhi 110 058. INDIA.
Tel: +91 +11- 2554 2551/ 4158 9329
Fax: +91 +11- 6640 5777
email- indiacore@gmail.com
/ icore2006@gmail.com
/ ipis@bol.net.in

CONTACT INDIACORE

Send us any feedback or suggestions for materials, events, and
new resources on core sectors in India.

IndiaCore Response Team
Address: 114, Jaina Tower II, District Centre, Janak Puri,
New Delhi 110 058. INDIA.
Tel: +91 +11- 2554 2551/ 4158 9329
Fax: +91 +11- 6640 5777

email- indiacore@gmail.com
/ icore2006@gmail.com
/ ipis@bol.net.in

November 2006 issue of the electronic newsletter from IndiaCore

IndiaCore

Wednesday, November 22, 2006

AMERICAN FORCES PRESS SERVICE

November 22, 2006 at 5:06 am | Posted in Globalization, History, Middle East, Military, Research, Science & Technology, USA | Leave a comment

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American Forces Press Service
Bush: Asia, U.S., Share Common Threats,
Interests

defense-press-service-l-request@DTIC.MIL
DEFENSE-PRESS-SERVICE-L@DTIC.MIL
Press Service afisnews_sender@DTIC.MIL
Tuesday, November 21, 2006

By Sgt. Sara Wood, USA 
American Forces Press Service 
 
WASHINGTON, Nov. 21, 2006 - The U.S. remains committed to Asia, because the two 
regions face similar threats from terrorism and share economic and security 
interests, President Bush said at Hickam Air Force Base, Hawaii, today.  
Stopping to have breakfast with troops after a Southeast Asia tour that included 
visits to Singapore, Indonesia and Vietnam, Bush noted that members of U.S. 
Pacific Command, which includes Hickam, are primarily responsible for defending 
U.S. interests in Asia.  

"You serve freedom's cause in a lot of ways," Bush told the troops. "When you 
help deliver humanitarian relief to victims of natural disasters, you serve 
freedom's cause. When you fight terrorists wherever we find them, you serve 
freedom's cause. Every branch of our military is playing a vital role."  

The Army and Marine Corps have deployed thousands of troops to Iraq and 
Afghanistan, Bush said, and the Navy's Pacific fleet recently conducted one of 
the largest multinational maritime exercises in the world, involving eight 
nations, 35 ships, 180 aircraft and 19,000 personnel. The Air Force has brought 
humanitarian aid to victims in earthquakes and typhoons, and the Coast Guard 
works closely with China to improve enforcement of laws against maritime drug 
traffickers, he said.  

"You serve freedom's cause when you help others be able to defend themselves," 
Bush said. "You serve freedom's cause when you help young democracies fight off 
the extremists who try to impose their hateful vision of the world. What happens 
in Asia-Pacific matters to America's security here at home."  

Troops serving today are witnessing an ideological struggle between those who 
love freedom and those who hate it, Bush observed. "And the outcome of this 
struggle will determine how your children and grandchildren live," he said. "And 
I'm determined, like you are determined, that freedom prevails."  

Bush thanked the troops and their families for their service and sacrifice, 
noting that generations of Americans will look back on this period and be 
grateful for their character and commitment.  

"The men and women who wear the uniform are the best that America has to offer," 
he said. "You belong to the finest armed forces the world has ever known. I 
appreciate the fact that you have volunteered to wear our uniform in these 
troubled times, that you have volunteered knowing the dangers into which you 
might be sent.  

"It's an incredible country when people of character stand up and say, 'I want 
to serve something greater than my self-interests,'" he said.  

[Web Version: http://www.defenselink.mil/News/NewsArticle.aspx?ID=2190] 

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http://www.americasupportsyou.mil, that spotlights what Americans are doing in 
support of U.S. military men and women serving at home and abroad. 

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Bush: Asia, U.S., Share Common Threats, Interests

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Tuesday, November 21, 2006

YESH GVUL: ISRAEL PEACE MOVEMENT

November 22, 2006 at 4:59 am | Posted in Globalization, History, Israel, Middle East, Military, Zionism | Leave a comment

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<b>Yesh-Gvul</b>

Yesh-Gvul

Gaza Campaign- 2/12/06 action day – 38 cities have already joined in !

yesh gvul yeshgvul2001@yahoo.com

yesh gvul – all yeshgvul@yahoogroups.com

Tuesday, November 21, 2006

Dear Friend,

A message from the Coalition Against the Siege, of which Yesh Gvul
is a member, follows.

Thanks

Yesh Gvul

———- Forwarded message ———-

PLEASE CIRCULATE!

Dear friends,

Thank you to the many people all over the world who are participating in our campaign
to end the siege of Gaza.

So far, we know of 38 cities where actions are being planned on or about December 2 ,
when the big demonstration will take place in Israel:

Amsterdam, Netherlands * Armidale, Northern NSW, Australia * Barcelona, Spain *
Berkeley, CA, US * Bergamo, Italy * Boston, MA, US * Cambridge, MA, US * Canberra,
Australia * Cape Town, South Africa * Chicago, IL, US * Cologne, Germany * Como, Italy *
Des Moines, Iowa, US * Dunedin, New Zealand * Everett, WA, US * Keswick, UK * Leuven,
Belgium * Marseille, France * Milano, Italy * Montreal, Canada * Muenster, Germany * New
York, NY, US * Oakland, CA, US * Oslo, Norway * Padua, Italy * Parksville/Qualicum, BC,
Canada * Philadelphia, PA, US * Ravenna, Italy * Rome, Italy * San Francisco, CA, US * San
Luis Obispo, CA, US * Schio, Italy * Strasbourg, France * Toronto, Canada * Udine, Italy *
Verona, Italy * Vienna, Austria * Washington, DC, US

Let us know if we missed your city – write to DebbyL@actcom.co.il
or GSvirsky@netvision.net.il.
Send a brief description for posting on our website.

Plan your own actions!

For ideas about how to raise awareness and information about activities in other
cities, check either of these websites:

http://gazasiege.net/Campaign_info_eng.htm

http://coalitionofwomen.org/home/english/articles/letter_1106

These websites also hold a fact sheet, sample letters to decision-makers, and contact
information for Israeli political leaders.

Use the poster!

The attached poster in 3 languages (English, Arabic, and Hebrew) was contributed to the
campaign by David Tartakover, Israel’s foremost political graphic designer. Feel free to
print it out, duplicate, and hang in appropriate spaces.

Spread the petition!

Soon, we will be sending you a petition "Gaza: Stop the Siege – Stop the War!" for
you to sign and circulate. When enough names are collected, we will be presenting them to
the political leaders of relevant countries – Israel, the U.S., Canada, and the EU
members.

Join us!

The campaign in Israel is in full swing, but international pressure is crucial for
bringing the humanitarian crisis to an end. Please join our efforts!

December 2 International
"End the Gaza Siege" Day

Participating Organizations: Coalition of Women for Peace; Gush Shalom; Ta’ayush; ICAHD;
Yesh Gvul; New Profile; MachsomWatch; Bat Shalom; Hadash; Anarchists Against the Wall; The
High School Seniors Letter; The Students Coalition – Tel Aviv.

For the Organizing Committee,

Gila Svirsky and Debby Lerman

[Yesh-Gvul] Gaza Campaign- 2/12/06 action day – 38 cities have already joined in !

yesh gvul yeshgvul2001@yahoo.com

yesh gvul – all yeshgvul@yahoogroups.com

Tuesday, November 21, 2006

FINANCEASIA DAILY NEWS

November 22, 2006 at 1:26 am | Posted in Asia, Economics, Financial, Globalization, History, Research | Leave a comment

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FinanceAsia Daily News

“FinanceAsia Editors “editors@financeasia.com

FinanceAsia Daily News editors@newsletter.financeasia.com

Wed, Nov 22: Infosys ADR, Ishaan Real Estate IPO, time to invest in Vietnam

Tuesday, November 21, 2006

Top Stories

1. Infosys prices $1.6 billion sponsored ADR at 3.2% discount

2. Indian property investment company completes AIM listing

3. Vietnam – Time to go in

4. WestLB bulks up structured finance capabilities

5. DIFC Authority names CEO

6. Transition management volumes surge

7. Lehman sales trader joins Lionhart

8. Standard & Poor’s Daily Ratings Direct Asia-Pacific Highlights

9. Events – Sponsored Section

Equity News

Infosys prices $1.6 billion sponsored ADR at 3.2% discount

Management hopes that an increase in the liquidity of its US-listed shares will lead to
index inclusion.

By Anette Jönsson

IPO
Report

Indian
property investment company completes AIM listing

Ishaan Real Estate’s stock gains 16% on debut after the company draws strong demand for
its $340 million IPO.
By Anette Jönsson

Keeping
it

Vietnam
– Time to go in

A top strategist explains how to invest in Vietnam.
By Garry Evans

People
Moves

WestLB
bulks up structured finance capabilities

The German firm names four executives in Hong Kong.
By Andrew Peck

People
Moves

DIFC
Authority names CEO

Nasser Mohammed bin Hussein Alshaali joins the board and is named CEO of the
Dubai International Finance Centre Authority.

By Andrew Peck

Securities
Services

Transition
management volumes surge

New data from State Street shows the massive liquidity in the region’s transition
management business.
By Andrew Peck

People
Moves

Lehman
sales trader joins Lionhart

Simon Quirke joins the
multi-strategy hedge fund in its new Singapore office.
By Simon Osborne

Institutional
Investors

Xinhua
and Milken Institute launch Chinese economic indicators

Shanghai data provider and California think tank link up to ease investment decision
process.
By Samuel Riding

Standard
& Poor’s Daily Ratings Direct Asia-Pacific Highlights

Welcome to Standard & Poor’s daily summary of credit research of interest to investors
in Asia-Pacific.
By Standard & Poor’s

Events – Sponsored Section:
Hedge
Fund Investments Taiwan 2006, 29 – 30 Nov 2006, Sheraton Hotel, Taipei

2nd
Annual Trade & Export Finance in China, 29 – 30 Nov 2006, Crowne Plaza Beijing,
Beijing, China

The
balanced approach to sustainable growth and profitability, 11 Dec 2006, INSEAD Business
School, Singapore

Terrapinn Financial Training welcomes you to attend in 2006:

THE 3-DAY MBA in FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT (Presented by: David Hey-Cunningham)

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This 3-day MBA in financial management is tailor-made for executives and managers with
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AUCKLAND: 04 – 08 December 2006 | SYDNEY: 04 – 08 December 2006 | HONG KONG: 11 – 15
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You’ll work on forecasting, project finance, valuation, capital budgeting, credit
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APPLIED CORPORATE FINANCE MASTERCLASS (Presented by: Richard Capps)

SYDNEY: 21 – 22 February 2007

Your guide to successful and accurate valuation. In just 3 days, you’ll explore
the latest strategies to help successfully tackle any valuation, however complex. Grasping
the true difference between price and value will have a tremendous impact on your business
decisions… Gain the confidence you need to value, price and structure your deals
successfully – every time! Use “live” case-studies to understand –and
avoid –the pitfalls of traditional valuation techniques. Upgrade your Corporate
Finance and M&A knowledge and skills today!

MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS MASTERCLASS (Presented by: Jim Morris)

SINGAPORE: 02 – 03 December 2006 | SINGAPORE: 02 – 03 February 2007

In just 2 days, you will be able to build your own effective M&A models, applying
robust, market-tested, presentation-friendly templates. You will save hours and hours of
model building (and tweaking) time!

In short, you have to think like a strategist with a comprehensive framework and
checklist. And that’s what this outstanding course enables you to do. This practical,
hands-on course will walk you through each step of the modern merger process, from
short-listing acquisition candidates to closing your M&A transactions.

Get your free copy of the 2006 Calendar & Catalogue | Terrapinn Finance Jargon
Glossary

Enquiry Hotline: (+65) 6513-1633 | Fax: (+65) 6536 2280

Email: joanne.huang@terrapinn.com | www.terrapinnfinancial.com

For information about this email newsletter, please contact:

Steven Irvine Steven.Irvine@financeasia.com

For information about sponsoring this email newsletter, please contact:

Jonathan Hirst Jonathan.Hirst@financeasia.com

or

Keith Frith Keith.Frith@financeasia.com

For all subscription enquires, please contact: Stephen Tang Stephen.Tang@financeasia.com

Wed, Nov 22: Infosys ADR, Ishaan Real Estate IPO, time to invest in Vietnam

“FinanceAsia Editors “editors@financeasia.com

FinanceAsia Daily News editors@newsletter.financeasia.com

Tuesday, November 21, 2006


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